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爱国华侨陈嘉庚的俭朴人生

2020年11月23日 15:08   来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载 参与互动
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  陈嘉庚请陈毅到集美家中喝茶,炊事员买回一斤糖果招待。事后,陈嘉庚对炊事员说: 首长最多尝一两颗糖果,不像小孩子一个接一个吃个不停,你买二角钱就足够了。

  陈嘉庚的俭朴人生

  董立功 文

  1874nian10yue21ri,aiguohuaqiaolingxiuchenjiagengchushengzaishamenjimeideyigexiaoyucun。1890nian,nianjin16suidechenjiagengcibiemuqin,qianwangxinjiapogensuifuqinxuexijingshang。dao1919nianshi,chenjiagengyijingchengweiyongyou400wanzichandedashiyejia。dao1925nianshi,tadezichanyijingdadao1200wan,shimingfuqishidedongnanya“xiangjiaodawang”。yexuyourenrenwei,chenjiagengneimeyouqian,pingshiyidingshihuaqianruliushui,neijiudacuotecuole。suirancengjingshifujiayifangdeqianwanfuweng,chenjiagengcongbudachidahe,gengbuchouyanhejiu,ershicuchadanfanbansuiyisheng,shizhongbaochijianpodeshenghuoxiguan。

  自奉甚俭的优良品质

  chenjiagengyounianheshaonianshidai,fuqinzaixinjiapojingshang,tagensuimuqinzaijiaxiangjimeishenghuo。chenjiageng9suirusishu,dushuzhiyu,tasuimuqinxiatianxiahailaozuo,tiebujiayong,congxiaojiuyangchengle“qinjianjieyue”dekeguipinzhi。

bg大游娱乐  1890nian,chenjiagengfengfuhanzhao,daoxinjiapoxuexijingshang。shengyiburuzhengguizhihou,chenjiagengjikaishijiangjingshangzhuanlaideqiantouxiangjiaoyu。tabaoding“jiaoyuweiliguozhiben,xingxuenaiguomintianzhi”dexinnian,bishengyichengxinqinjianbanjiaoyugongyi。1919nianxia,chenjiagengfanhuiguxiangjimei,kaishijinluomiguchoubanshamendaxue。zaichoubanshamendaxueqijian,tafaxianjimeixuexiaoshaoshushishengchangchanghuidaoshamenshiquxiaofei,jiuzaijimeixuexiao“qiujishiyeshi”shangfabiaoyanjiangjinxingpiping。tashuo: “benxiaoxingzhiruhe?jishengjianshiye。zhongguojinripinkunjiyi,wujiweizhongguoren,zezhongzhongjudongyingyijiejianweiben。”

  dagaishiweilerangxueshenggengxinfu,chenjiagengxianshenshuofa,julezijidelizi: “birenzaixinjiaposhi,dichufanhua,meiyuechuzhengdangfeiyongwaibujieryuan。suoyirucizhe,gaiyigerenshaofeiyiwen,jiweiwujiachuyiwen,yijiweiwuguoduochuyiwen。”kejian,chenjiagengbushishoucainu,tadejiejianbushiweilebaqiancailiujizinv,ershiyonglaixingxuebaoguo。jutongji,chenjiagengyishengzaiguoneiwaichuangbanhezizhudegeleixuexiaoda118suo,tayishengjuanxianjiwenhuajiaoyushiyedekuanxianggaoda1yimeiyuan。

  chenjiagengzifengshenjian,duilangfeixianxiangjiqiyane。1940nian3yue,chenjiagengqinlv“nanyanghuaqiaohuiguoweilaoshichatuan”huiguoweilao、kaocha。chenjiagengzaiquyanankaochazhiqian,xianqulezhongqing。zaiguotongqu,chenjiagengmeidaoyidi,dangdizhuguandouyongshanzhenhaiweizhaodaichenjiageng。yunnanshengzhuxilongyunzhaodaichenjiagengdecaiyao,rangtapoganyiwai: “shiyanjiucaijunteshu,caizhongyouxiangbiyiwei,weishengpingweichangshi。”zhongqingguanchangdepuzhanglangfeiheshemizhifenglingtadashisuowang。zaiyanan,chenjiagengmudulekangrigenjudiganbuqinlaochengpo、zhongyongfenggong,chushiyiliminfuguoweiqianti,zuofengminzhu、yuminzhongxinkuxiezuotongchoudikaideqixiang,tazaihuiyiluzhongxiedao: “yuguanganzhiyu,zhongxinwuxianxingfen,mengmeishenchi,weibgdayouyuledazhonghuaminzuqingzhuye。”bingzuochule“zhongguodexiwangzaiyanan”dezhunquepanduan。

  节俭朴素的待客之道

  chenjiagengzhangqizaihaiwaishenghuo,fanxiangqijiantazhuyidao: guorenpingriliqingtangguashui、cuchadanfan,danyidanyudaohunsangjiaqu、qinyouxiangju,douyaoshazhuzaiyang、shaojidune,jizhongliliangdachidaheyifan。weilegaibianzheizhongfengjianshehuiyiliuxialaidelouxi,1948nian,chenjiagengzhuanxiele《minsufeilunji》,tazaishuzhongxiedao: bgdayouyuleguorenduijiaojiyingchou,zhuzhongyanyin,suisumeipingsheng,huofuyourenyanxi,jianjiechuanjie,pingshuichufeng,yiduosheyanzhaodai,huxiangchuanyin,haokuozhishi,zishiyingjiebuxia。fujinqianlangfei,bixuxundelaiyuan,siqingjiduo,gongxinnanshou。

  1950nian9yue,chenjiagenghuiguodingju。taderichangyinshikeweicuchadanfan,feichangjianpo。taaichidiguaxifan,caichangchangshihuashengmi、youtiao、douchi、yutoudengjixianglunhuan,youshichaoyidianmifen,ouerchidianhailijian、zhahaili。jishiyudaofengnianguojiehuoyouzhongyaokerenlaifang,yezhishiyongjiaxiangdetesefengweishipinlaizhaodai。tashentilixingdezuoyoumingshi: “yinggaiyongdeqian,qianwanbaiwanyebuyaolinxi;buyinggaiyongdeqian,yifenyebulangfei。”

bg大游娱乐  1951nian3yue18ri,huadongjunzhengweiyuanhuizhuxichenyilaijimeishichagongzuo,chenjiagengqingtalaijiazhonghecha,bingrangchuishiyuanqumaidiantangguozhaodaichenyi。dangshi,chuishiyuanmaileyijintangguozhaodaishouzhang。chenyiyixinglikaihou,chenjiagengsuijipipingchuishiyuan,tashuo: shouzhangzuiduochangyiliangketangguo,buxiangxiaohaiziyigejieyigechigebuting,nimaierjiaoqianjiuzugoule。zheigejieyuemeitan,houlaichuansongyishi。

  chenjiagengwanniandanrenquanguorendachangweihuiweiyuan、quanguozhengxiefuzhuxidengzhongyaozhiwu,renminzhengfujitadingdegongzishixingzhengsanji,meiyuekeling390yuan,jiashangdiqubutiegongji539yuan。dantaqueguidingzijimeiyuehuoshifeibuchaoguo15yuan,shengxiadeqianquanbucunrujimeixuexiaohuijichuzuoweigongyong。

  克勤克俭的家风家训

  chenjiagengyishenggongyuyoujiuzibanv。tacengshuoguo: “fuzhiaizi,shichutianxing,rensheibuaiqizi,weibieyoudaodezhiai,feiduoyijinqianfangweizhiai,qiexianerduocaizesunqizhi,yuerduocaizeyiqiguo,shinaihaizhi,feiaizhiye。”zhengshiyinweibingchengzhezheiyangdelinian,taduizinvdeyaoqiushenweiyange。tashenghuojianpo,yeyaoqiuzinvbudemaishehuadewupin,buyunxuzinvguoyouyudeshenghuo。diwuzichenguoqing15suizaidaonanxuexiaodushudeshihou,muqinjitamaileyitiaolingdai。chenjiagengkanjianhou,chiweilangfeizhiju,buyunxuerzipeidai。zhidaochenguoqinghoulaigongzuozhuanleqian,caidiyicidaishanglelingdai。chenjiagengzhengshitongguozheizhongyangedejiaoyulaimolianzinvdepinge。

bg大游娱乐  chenjiagengjingchangyinyongdeyijusuhuajiushi“ersunziyouersunfu,buweiersundangmaniu”。taliujiersunzuidadecaifubushijinqian,ershichengyipingeheqinjianpinde。zhijin,chenjiahoubeirengba“qinjian”fengweizhongyaojiaxun,keshouzhi、jianxingzhi。2018nian1yue20ri,chenjiagengdesunzichenjunbaozuokeyangshi《xiexiele,bgdayouyuledejia》lanmu。zhuchirenjingyidanwenta,niduiyeyeyinxiangzuishendeshinajuhua?chenjunbaotuokouerchu: “gaihuadeqian,qianqianwanwandouyaohua;bugaihuadeqian,yifenyiliyeyaosheng。”

  公而忘私的奉献精神

  1950nianhuiguodingjuhou,chenjiagengweixiufuzhanshibeipohuaidejimeixuexiaoxiaosheshafeikuxin,erduizijibeizhahuaidezhuzhaiquechichiburangxiufu。tarenweizhongjianzhuzhaisuoxubuguoerwanyuyuan,danxiaoshemeiyouxiufuquexianjianzhuzhai,“nanmianweibeixianyouhoulezhixuner”。yinci,taxuanzelinshijuzhuzai“xiaodongzhuzhai”,zhidao1958nianjimeixuexiaoxiaoshequanbuxiuqihou,tacaizheshouxiufuzijidezhuzhai。

  zaitadejushili,zhiyouyizhangxiaomuchuang,yizhangbangongzhuo,yibakaobeiyi,yizhangxiaochaji,yigemuzhidelianpenjiaheyikouzhuangshuiyongdexiaoshuigang。zaitadejushili,haiyouyiduijiushafa,tajianchibuhuanxinde,zhiranghuanyihuanzuodian。tahaiqinzizhaolaiyikuaimuban,xuyaoshifangzaishafadefushoushang,zuoweihuodongshuxieban。

  1961nian8yue12ri,chenjiagengbingshiyubeijing。genjutadeyizhu,“yizijizaiguoneiyinxingdezonggongwei334.2wanyuandecunkuan,bo50wanyuanjuanzuobeijinghuaqiaobowuguandejianzhufei,youbo50wanyuanweijimeishehuifulijijin,eryuxiade234.2wanyuanzequanbuyongyujimeixuexiaodexiaoshejianzhu”。kejian,duiyuzheiyangyibijueyichan,chenjiagenglianyifenqianyemeiyouliujizijidezisun。

  chenjiagengshiweidadeaiguozhe,yeshirenmindegongpu。yi“lian”weibense、yi“jian”weitezhengdejiagengjingshen,jiangjiliwushuhaineiwaichizitongzuguorenminyidaobuxiefendou,gongyuanminzufuxingzhimeng。

  (作者为集美大学陈嘉庚研究院华侨华人资料中心主任)

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