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十一自由行 律师告诉你不可不知的“法律攻略”

2019年09月25日 16:05   来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载 参与互动
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  自由行不可不知的“法律攻略”

  BAIXINGHUI DINGNAN

  “SHIYI”ZHANGJIAJIJIANGDAOLAI,CHUMENLVYOUSHIHENDUOJIATINGDESHOUXUAN。SUIZHERENMENXIAOFEIGUANNIANDEZHUANBIAN,YUELAIYUEDUODEYOUKEBUMANZUGENTUANYOUDETONGYIXINGDONG,ERSHIZHONGQINGGENGWEISUIYIDEZIYOUXING。DANSHI,ZIYOUXINGBUDENGYUWURENGUAN,WULUNSHILVXINGSHE,HAISHIXIAOFEIZHE,DUIYUZIYOUXINGDEFALVZHISHIYIDINGYAOLEJIE,ZUOHAO“FALVGONGLVE”,CAINENGZHENZHENGWANDEKAIXIN、WANDEFANGXIN。

  自由行,相较于团队游而言,旅行社不再“大包大揽”,而是只负责交通工具、住宿、游览项目等bg大游娱乐,不负责安排导游和领队,游客完全可以按照行程单自行安排活动的时间,选择游玩的项目,可以按照自己的喜好、自己的时间定制一场属于自己的旅行,不用担心喜欢的风景只能“走马观花”,更不必“被购物”。在这种情况下,消费者与旅行社还是法律意义上的旅游者和旅游经营者吗?若发生合同纠纷或者侵权纠纷,还能受到旅游法等法律法规的保护吗?

bg大游娱乐  GENJUZUIGAORENMINFAYUAN《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DIERSHIWUTIAOGUIDING: “LVYOUJINGYINGZHESHIXIANSHEJI,BINGYIQUEDINGDEZONGJIATIGONGJIAOTONG、ZHUSU、YOULANDENGYIXIANGHUOZHEDUOXIANGbgDAYOUYULE,BUTIGONGDAOYOUHELINGDUIbgDAYOUYULE,YOULVYOUZHEZIXINGANPAIYOULANXINGCHENGDELVYOUGUOCHENGZHONG,LVYOUJINGYINGZHETIGONGDEbgDAYOUYULEBUFUHEHETONGYUEDING,QINHAILVYOUZHEHEFAQUANYI,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHECHENGDANXIANGYINGZERENDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

  SHIJIANZHONG,BUFENLVXINGSHEWEILEGUIBIJINGYINGFENGXIAN,JIANGJIPIAO、JIUDIAN、LVYOUXIANGMUDENGDUOXIANGYEWUCHAIFEN,FENBIEYUXIAOFEIZHEQIANDINGWEITUODAIBANHETONG,CONGBIAOMIANSHANGKAN,SIHUGENGFUHEWEITUOHETONGDEFALVGUANXI,DANZONGHELAIKAN,DUOXIANGWEITUOHETONGDESHIZHIRENGRANSHUYUBAOJIALVYOUbgDAYOUYULEDEKUANGJIAHETONGFANWEI。SUOYI,JISHISHIWEITUODAIBANHETONGDEXINGSHIYEBUNENGFOUDINGLVXINGSHELVXINGJINGYINGZHEDEFALVDIWEI。YEJIUSHISHUO,RUGUOQITIGONGDEbgDAYOUYULEBUFUHEHETONGYUEDING,QINHAILVYOUZHEHEFAQUANYI,YINGCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEFALVZEREN。

  NEIME,ZAIZIYOUXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,LVXINGSHEDEYIWUYOUNAXIENI?

  1.产品资质需审核

  《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DISHISITIAOGUIDING: “YINLVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHEDEYUANYINZAOCHENGLVYOUZHERENSHENSUNHAI、CAICHANSUNSHI,LVYOUZHEXUANZEQINGQIULVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHECHENGDANQINQUANZERENDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。LVYOUJINGYINGZHEDUILVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHEWEIJINJINSHENXUANZEYIWU,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHECHENGDANXIANGYINGBUCHONGZERENDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

  JULILAISHUO,WANGNVSHIZAIWANGZHANGOUMAILE“JIUZHAIGOUDENGSANDIWURIYOU”DEZIYOUXINGCHANPIN,LVYOUFEIYONGZONGE1WANYUYUAN。CHULEJIUDIANZHUSUWAI,HETONGZHONGMINGQUEYUEDINGLVXINGSHEFUZEZUCHE,JUTIXINGCHENGYOUYOUKEYUSIJIQUERENXIJIE。DANZAIXINGSHIGUOCHENGZHONG,YINSIJICAOZUOBUDANG,DAOZHICHELIANGQINGFANZHILUBIANGOUKANNEI,WANGNVSHIBEISHUAICHUCHEWAISHOUDAOZHONGSHANG。HOUJINGCHAMING,GAILVXINGSHEBINGWEIWEIYOUKEGOUMAILVYOUYIWAIXIAN,QIESHEANCHELIANGDECHEZHUHEJIASHIYUANJUNWUKEYUNZIZHI。LVXINGSHEBIANCHENGQIJINFUZETIGONGCHELIANGDEZULINbgDAYOUYULE,SHIGUDEZHUYAOFUZERENSHICHELIANGDECHEZHUHEJIASHIYUAN,BINGFEILVXINGSHEDEYUANGONG,SHUANGFANGLVYOUHETONGGUANXIMEIYOUJIANLI,BUYINGDANGCHENGDANZEREN。DANSHIJISHANG,SUIRANHETONGYUEDINGLELVXINGSHEJINWEILVYOUZHETIGONGLVYOUJIAOTONGCHELIANG,DANKAOLVDAOLVXINGSHESHOUQUDEFEIYONGQINGKUANG,HETONGZHONGGUANYUJIAOTONG、ZHUSUYIJIYOULANXIANGMUJUNSHIBAOJIATIGONG,SUOYISHUANGFANGRENGRANSHILVYOUHETONGGUANXI。BENANZHONG,LVXINGSHEZUOWEIJINGYINGZHE,CHELIANGGONGSIZUOWEILVYOUFUZHUZHE,LVXINGSHEZAIXUANZEKEYUNCHELIANGSHI,YINGDANGDUICHEZHUDEJIBENQINGKUANG、YINGYUNZIZHI、ANQUANZHUANGKUANGJINXINGBIYAODESHENCHA,JINDAOQILISUONENGJIDEJINSHENZHUYIYIWUHEXUANZEYIWU。YINWEINENGJINDAOJINSHENXUANZEYIWUTIGONGLEBUFUHEYUEDINGDECHELIANG,MEIYOUBAOZHENGQIANQUANZIZHIYUKEYUNZIZHI,QINHAILEWANGNVSHIDEHEFAQUANYI,YINGDANGCHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN。

  2.危险项目要告知

bg大游娱乐  《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DIBATIAOGUIDING: “LVYOUJINGYINGZHE、LVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHEDUIKENENGWEIJILVYOUZHERENSHEN、CAICHANANQUANDELVYOUXIANGMUWEILVXINGGAOZHI、JINGSHIYIWU,ZAOCHENGLVYOUZHERENSHENSUNHAI、CAICHANSUNSHI,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHE、LVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHECHENGDANZERENDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

  JULILAISHUO,LIUXIANSHENGYUPENGYOUTONGGUOWANGZHANDINGGOULEYITAOCHUJINGYOUZIYOUXINGCHANPIN,FEIYONGZONGJIA3WANYUYUAN,QIZHONGBAOKUOGAOKONGQIUQIANXIANGMU。CONGSHUMIANJIESHAOLAIKAN,XUANZEGAIXIANGMUDEYOUKE,KEYITONGGUOGAOKONGDANGQIUQIANDEFANGSHIFUKANDANGDIBIEJUYIGEDETESEFENGGUANG。RANER,ZAIGAICHANPINNEIRONGJIESHAOJIYOUWANGUOCHENGZHONG,LVXINGSHEDUIYUGAIXIANGMUDEWEIXIANXISHU、SHIYIRENQUN、XUYAOXIEDAIDEANQUANSHEBEIDENGBINGWEITIJI。ZAIYOUWANSHI,LIUXIANSHENGHEPENGYOUBUSHENTAKONGZHUILUO,ANQUANSHENGTUOLUO,DAOZHILIANGRENTOUBUSHOUDAOZHONGCHUANG。

bg大游娱乐  CIANDEGAOKONGQIUQIANXIANGMUJINGXIAN、CIJI,YOUJIAOGAODEWEIXIANXING,DUIYURENQUNDESHENTIZHUANGKUANG、XINLISUZHIYIJIPEIZHIDEANQUANSHEBEIJUNYOUJIAOGAOCHENGDUDEYAOQIU,RUGUODUIQIBUJINXINGLEJIEJIUMAORANCANYU,HENRONGYIZAOCHENGRENSHENHUOZHECAICHANSUNSHI。LVXINGSHEZUOWEILVYOUJINGYINGZHE,YOUKEGOUMAILEQITIGONGDEHUODONGXIANGMU,LVXINGSHEJIUYINGDANGSHIXIANDUIXIANGMUDESHIYIRENQUN、WEIXIANCHENGDU、ANQUANFANGHUJUNLEJIEZHIXI,BINGDUIYOUKEHUODONGZHONGKENENGCUNZAIDEFENGXIANJINXINGTEBIETISHI,DUICHANPINBAOHANDEJUTINEIRONGRUSHI、KEGUAN、JISHIGAOZHI,LVXINGQIBUKEHUOQUEDEANQUANJINGSHIYIWU,FOUZEYINGDUIYOUKECHANSHENGDESUNHAICHENGDANXIANGYINGDEPEICHANGZEREN。

  3.证件保管应妥善

  《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DIERSHISITIAOGUIDING: “LVYOUJINGYINGZHEYINGUOCUOZHIQIDAIBANDESHOUXU、ZHENGJIANCUNZAIXIACI,HUOZHEWEIJINTUOSHANBAOGUANYIWUERYISHI、HUISUN,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHEBUBANHUOZHEXIEZHUBUBANXIANGGUANSHOUXU、ZHENGJIANBINGCHENGDANXIANGYINGFEIYONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”“YINSHANGSHUXINGWEIYINGXIANGLVYOUXINGCHENG,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHETUIHAISHANGWEIFASHENGDEFEIYONG、PEICHANGSUNSHIDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

  JULILAISHUO,ZHAONVSHIWEIQIGONGSITUANDUIDINGGOULEYIGEZIYOUXINGTAOCAN,XIADANDANGRIZAIXIANZHIFULE2WANYUYUAN。CHANPINTAOCANZHONGMINGQUEYUEDING“YOULVXINGSHEDAIWEIBANLITUANDUIDEQIANZHENG”,ZHAONVSHIZAIXINGCHENGDANQUEDINGDESHITIANQIANXIANGLVXINGSHETIJIAOLETUANDUISUOYOURENDEHUZHAOHESHENFENXINXI,DANZAIXINGCHENGDANQUEDINGHOUDEYIZHOUNEI,LVXINGSHETURANCHENGZHAONVSHIDEHUZHAOSUNHUI,WUFABANLIQIANZHENG,XUYAOQIJIAKUAIBUBAN。DANYIHANDESHI,HAISHICUOGUOLEBUFENTUANDUIYOULANXIANGMU。

bg大游娱乐  SHIJIANZHONG,DUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAYOUKEHUIJIANGHUZHAOTIJIAOJILVXINGSHE,YOUQITONGYIBANLIQIANZHENG、DINGGOUJIPIAO、TIANXIEZHUSUXINXIDENG。YOUQISHIXINBANHUZHAOZHIRULEXINPIAN,YOUKESHIYONGGENGWEIBIANLI,DANYIDANHUISUN,BUBANGUOCHENGYEHUIJIAOWEIFANSUO,JIYOUKENENGYINGXIANGCHUXINGJIHUA。LVXINGSHEZUOWEIZHUANYEDELVYOUJINGYINGZHE,YOUKEJIANGWANHAODEHUZHAOJIAOFUHOU,QIYINGDANGFUYOUTUOSHANBAOGUANDEYIWU,ZHUDONGJIANCHAHUZHAOSHIFOUWANHAO,RUGUOYINGXIANGLELVYOUXINGCHENG,LVYOUJINGYINGZHEYINGDANGTUIHAIYOUKESHANGWEIFASHENGDEFEIYONGBINGPEICHANGXIANGYINGDESUNSHI。

  4.bg大游娱乐质量要保障

  《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DISHIQITIAOGUIDING: “LVYOUJINGYINGZHEWEIFANHETONGYUEDING,YOUSHANZIGAIBIANLVYOUXINGCHENG、YILOULVYOUJINGDIAN、JIANSHAOLVYOUbgDAYOUYULEXIANGMU、JIANGDILVYOUbgDAYOUYULEBIAOZHUNDENGXINGWEI,LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHEPEICHANGWEIWANCHENGYUEDINGLVYOUbgDAYOUYULEXIANGMUDENGHELIFEIYONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

  JULILAISHUO,WEIXIANSHENGZAIMOUGONGSIWANGZHANDINGGOULEBEIJINGZHIPALAO7RI6WANDEZIYOUXINGLVYOUCHANPIN,NEIRONGBAOKUOLVXINGQIJIANDEJIPIAO、JIUDIANYIJILIANGRIDECHUHAIYOUXIANGMUFEIYONG,GONGZHIFULE13998YUAN。DINGGOUCHENGGONGHOU,GAIGONGSIXIANGQIFASONGLETONGZHISHU,ZAIMINGQIYUDINGJIUDIAN、JIPIAO、CHUHAIXIANGMU。DAN8YUE19RIWAN,WEIXIANSHENGYIJUGONGSITIGONGDEXINGCHENGDANZHUNBEIBANLIJIUDIANRUZHUSHI,QUEBEIGAOZHI: “BINGWEIWEIQIYUDINGGAIJIUDIANDEHAOHUATAOFANG,YINCIWUFABANLIRUZHU”。ERHOUGONGSIGAOZHI,YOUYUGONGZUORENYUANSHUHUYIJIGAIJIUDIANCUNZAICHAOSHOUQINGKUANG,WEIXIANSHENGWEICHENGGONGDINGGOUHAOHUATAOFANG,XUGAIWEILINGYIMINSURUZHU。SUIHOULIANGTIANCHUHAISHI,TAYOUBEIGAOZHIYINWEIZHONGZHONGYUANYIN,WUFAYOUWANYIJINGYUDINGDESHUISHANGXIANGMUAHEB,LVXINGSHEZAIWEITIQIANTONGZHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHANZIGAICHENGLESHUISHANGXIANGMUCHED,WEIXIANSHENGJIWEIBUMAN,GUTIQIANCHENGJIHUIGUOJIESHUXINGCHENG。

bg大游娱乐  YOUKEHELVXINGSHEQIANDINGDELVYOUHETONGDUISHUANGFANGJUNJUYOUYUESHULI,SHUANGFANGYINGDANGANZHAOHETONGDEYUEDINGLVXINGGEZIYIWU。ZAILVYOUHETONGFUJIANDEXINGCHENGDANZHONG,HUIZAIMINGXIANGXIDEHANGBANSHIJIAN、JIUDIANMINGCHENG、JIUDIANBIAOZHUN、XIANGMUANPAI。YOUKEYIDINGYAOZIXISHENHEHETONGTIAOKUAN,DUIBIXINGCHENGDANZHONGDENEIRONGYUSHIJITIGONGDEbgDAYOUYULESHIFOUYIYIDUIYING,RUBENANZHONGDEWEIXIANSHENG,RUOLVXINGSHEWEIANZHAOHETONGYUEDINGTIGONGJIDINGbgDAYOUYULE,YEWEIJIUJIUDIANGENGHUAN、XINGCHENGBIANGENG、XIANGMUTIHUANJISHIQUDELIANXI,WEIXIANSHENGKEYIYUEJIECHUHETONGBINGYAOQIULVXINGSHEPEICHANGFEIYONG,CHENGDANZEREN。

  5.未发生费用要返还

  《GUANYUSHENLILVYOUJIUFENANJIANSHIYONGFALVRUOGANWENTIDEGUIDING》DISHISANTIAOGUIDING: “YINBUKEKANGLIDENGBUKEGUIZEYULVYOUJINGYINGZHE、LVYOUFUZHUbgDAYOUYULEZHEDEKEGUANYUANYINDAOZHILVYOUHETONGWUFALVXING,LVYOUJINGYINGZHE、LVYOUZHEQINGQIUJIECHULVYOUHETONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。LVYOUJINGYINGZHE、LVYOUZHEQINGQIUDUIFANGCHENGDANWEIYUEZERENDE,RENMINFAYUANBUYUZHICHI。LVYOUZHEQINGQIULVYOUJINGYINGZHETUIHAISHANGWEISHIJIFASHENGDEFEIYONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGYUZHICHI。”

bg大游娱乐  LINVSHIZAIMOUWANGZHANGOUMAILEMOULVXINGSHEMAERDAIFU5RI4WANZIYOUXINGCHANPIN,XINGCHENGFEIYONGBAOKUOJIUDIANZHUSUHEWANGFANJIPIAO。CHUFAQIANLIANGRI,TAJIEDAOLVXINGSHEDIANHUACHENGYINMAERDAIFUFASHENGDONGDANG,HANGKONGGONGSIGAOZHIQICONGBEIJINGFEIWANGMAERDAIFUDEHANGBANQUXIAO,DUANQINEIWUFATIGONGHESHIDEHANGBANCHUXING,HOUXUGENJUDANGDIJUSHIQINGKUANGJINXINGDONGTAIDIAOZHENG。LINVSHIYAOQIUJIECHUHETONGBINGYAOQIULVXINGSHETUIHAIYIJIAONADE3WANYUYUAN,LVXINGSHECHENGKEYIXIESHANGGENGGAIXINGCHENG,DANGDIJIUDIANTONGYIYANQISANGEYUE,RUOZAICIQIJIANZAIBUCHUXINGFEIYONGWUFATUIHAI,QIECIZHONGQINGKUANGSHIBUKEKANGLI,LVXINGSHEBUYINGCHENGDANZEREN。

bg大游娱乐  BUKEKANGLISHIZHIBUKEYUJIAN、BUKEBIMIANHEBUKEKEFUDEKEGUANSHISHI,YOUQIZAICHUJINGYOUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WANGWANGHUISHOUDAODANGDIZIRANYINSU、ZHENGZHIYINSUHUOZHEQITAZHONGDATUFASHIJIANDEYINGXIANG,ZAOCHENGLVYOUANPAI“JIHUAGANBUSHANGBIANHUA”。DUIYULVXINGSHEERYAN,JISHIQIZUOHAOTIQIANGUIHUA、JINDAOHELIDEZHUYIYIWU、ZUODAOYINGYOUDEFANGFANCUOSHIRENGRANWUFABIMIAN,YINCI,YINBUKEKANGLIJIECHUHETONGBUYINGGUOFENKEZELVXINGSHE,BUYINGRANGQICHENGDANWEIYUEZEREN。DANDUIYUYOUKEERYAN,YINWEIBUKEKANGLIZAOCHENGXINGCHENGZHONGZHI,LVXINGSHEYINGDANGJUZHENGZHENGMINGQIYIJINGSHIJIFASHENGDEFEIYONG,KOUCHUGAIBUFENDEFEIYONGHOUJIANGSHENGYUFEIYONGTUIHAIYOUKE。

  法官提示

bg大游娱乐  NIANQINGRENZUIQINGLAIZIYOUXINGCHANPIN,HENDACHENGDUSHIBEI“ZIYOU”ERZISUOXIYIN,DANSHI,QIANWANBUNENGBEI“WUJUWUSHU”CHONGHUNLETOUNAO,BUJIASISUODINGGOUXIADAN。ZAICI,FAGUANJININTIGEXINGER:

  YIYAOLIUXINHETONGTIAOKUAN。HETONGTIAOKUANWANGWANGHUICHENGWEIQUEDINGSHUANGFANGQUANLIYIWUGUANXIDEZHONGYAOYIJU,YINCIYOUKEXUYAOZHUYIDAODUIYUXINGCHENGDANDEXIANGMUNEIRONGSHIFOUYOUTEBIETISHI,DUIYUSHUANGFANGQUANLIYIWUYIJIWEIYUEZERENDEYUEDINGSHIFOUHELI,SHIFOUYOUMIANZETIAOKUAN,SHIFOUWEIZISHENGOUMAILEBAOXIANDENG;

  ERYAOZHUYIBAOCUNZHENGJU。YOUKEDUIYUJUZHENGDESHISHIXUYAOZHENGJUYUYIZHICHI,RUGUOZAILVTUZHONGFAXIANCUNZAITIGONGDEbgDAYOUYULEBUFUHEHETONGYUEDING,WEIJINDAOANQUANBAOZHANGYIWU、JINGSHIGAOZHIYIWUYIJITUOSHANBAOGUANYIWUDENG,KEYICAIYONGLUYIN、PAIZHAO、SHEXIANGDEFANGSHI,LIUCUNHAOYOUSHUANGFANGQIANZIQUERENDESHUMIANCAILIAO,YIBIANYIHOUYOUXIAOWEIQUAN。

  (作者单位: 北京市朝阳区人民法院)

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