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海外侨商侨企化危为机历史回顾

2020年11月18日 09:21   来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载 参与互动
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  海外侨商侨企化危为机历史回顾

  zuozhe: liminghuan

  turuqilaidexinguanfeiyanyiqingjiquanshijiedailaileyanjunkaoyan。shuyibaiwanjidehaiwaiqiaoshangqiaoqishenchudiedangqifudekangyijinchengzhong,bujujianxiankongju、yongyudandangfengxian,yuzuguorenmin、suozaiguorenminbingjianxieshou,gongkeshijian。huishoujiwang,huaqiaohuarencengduocilijingzhongdaweijiquehuaweiweiji,zaijiannankunkuzhongfenghuangniepan,zhanshiletamenyingduijiankundemoulveyudandang。

  二十世纪六七十年代,东南亚侨商进军新产业

bg大游娱乐  dongnanyashilishishangminyueren“xiananyang”dezhuyaomudedi,jingyingxiaobenshengyicengjingshi20shiji50niandaizhiqiandongnanyaqiaobaodezhuyaomoushengshouduan,zaixinxi、jiaotongbubiandeniandai,tamenzoujiechuanxiang,bianzhiqidongnanyageguohaidaoneilu、chengzhenxiangcundeshangpinliutongwang。

  raner,ershishijiwuliushiniandai,dongnanyayixieguojiaxiangjizhidingbingshishiruoganzhenduiwaiqiaodepaichixingfaan,liruxiandingzhiyoubenguogongmincainengzaixianyuyixiadexiangcunminjiancongshixiaoshangpinlingshouhedaomijiagongjingxiaodengxingye。youyuneishishenghuozaidongnanyaguojiadexuduohuaqiaohaibushidangdigongmin,yinci,shushiwanhuaqiaoxiaoshangfan、xiaodianzhudunshishengji。weilejuediqiusheng,chuyibufenhuaqiaoxiaoshangfan、xiaodianzhujiangyingyezhizhaoguamingqinpenghaoyoumingxiajingying,lingyibufenshouzhonglveyoujixu、jingyingjiaoyounenglidehuashangzelingmixijing,jinjunzhizao、jinrong、jinchukoudengxinlingyu。huashangjinjunxinlingyu,jingyinlingledongnanyaguojiadejingjixinchaoliu,tuidonglezheixieguojiaxiangguanxingyezai20shiji60niandaihoudexunsufazhan。

  20shiji70niandaihou,dongnanyaguojiaxiangjifangkuanhuarenrujitiaojian,dapihuaqiaozhengshirujiweisuozaiguogongmin,dongnanyachuantonghuaqiaoshehuishixianlexianghuarenshehuizhuanxing。genjuyanjiutongji,shizhi20shiji80niandaizhongqi,feilvbin250jiazuidaqiyezhongyou80jiashihuarenqiye,qizhong80%deqiyezhengshizaiershishijiliuqishiniandaiyinyingshishixuqiuerzhuanxingtisheng。suizhehuarenzuoweidangdiguodeyigezuqunshendurongheyudangdishehui,huashanghuaqizaizhuangdazishenliliangdetongshi,yiweidangdiminzhongmoudefuzhi,tuidongdangdijingjifazhanfanrong。

  二十世纪七八十年代,印支华裔移民法国建立新家园

  20shiji70niandaihouqi,shushiwanyinzhihuayiweiduobizhanluanhepohai,budebulikaiyijingjidairenshenghuodeyinzhidiqu,lixiangbeijing,toubenyiyu。qizhong,you20duowanrenyijufaguo。

  zuichu,zheixiechulaizhadaozhezhinengtingyoufaguozhengfujiangtamenjizhonganzhiyudangshizhengchuzaikaifabgdayouyulezhongdebalidi13qu,bingqiefuconganpaijingongchangdagongmousheng。ganggangduguochudiyiyudedongdangyubushi,neixieyuanbenzaiyinzhidiqujiuyijingshangweibendehuayiyiminjikaishileyiyuchuangyedexinzhengcheng。tamenkaigongsi,jiancanguan,lishangpu,duanduanshunianjian,yuanbenchuyubalihexinshangquanzhiwai、chenjilengqingde13qujiushixianlehualizhuanshen,yiyueerweioulupoyoumingqidexinhuabu。

  genjufaguoxuezhe20shiji90niandaidetongji,dangshibalidehuashangqiyeyijingcong70niandaizhiqiandejibaijiamengzengzhijiangjin4000jia。zaizheiyibohuashangchuangyechaozhong,yinzhihuayishiyonglichaotoudechuangyezhuti,qizhongdejiaojiaozheruchenshixiongdigongsirongdengfaguoqiye500qiangzhilie。shizhijinri,zaibalichengzhongdushuyizhi、yicaifenchengde13quhuabu,rengranzaixiangshirenzhanshizhedangnianshiduowanyinzhihuayihuaweiweiji,yiyujianlixinjiayuandebuxiuyeji。

  2008年金融危机后,南欧华商开拓经营新局面

  nanoudexibanya、yidali、putaoyadengguojunweidangdaizhongguoxinyimindezhongyaomudeguo。20shiji70niandai,xibanyaqiaobaozongshujinshubairen,jinru80niandaihou,zhongguoxinyiminshuliangzhixianshangsheng,90niandaitupowanren,jinru21shijihoutupo10wan,zhi2008nianjinrongweijiqianzaixibanyazhengshidengjizhucedehuaqiaohuarenzongshuyijingchaoguo13wan。

  2008nianjinrongweijidejudachongjilingnanougeguojingjiquanmianshuaitui。mianduijinrongweijidailaidezainan,nanouhuashangshenshidushi,weizhongmiji,yifangmianzhudongxiachenchuantongjingyingkongjian,chongfenliyongyuanxianzhonggaoduanxiaofeirenqunxiangxialiudongjihui,jiangzhongguoshangpinwumeijialiandeyoushifahuidaojizhi,zaiboliduoxiaozhongwenzhawenda;lingyifangmianjijiruzhuxinxingye,pirujieshoudangdirenxihuanququebuyuanfeixinjingyingdejiuba。ciwai,tamenhaishuangxiangtuozhanjingyingkongjian,xiangshangtouziyuanbenkewangerbukejidedadoushi“huangjinshangquan”,xiangxiazejingyingbianlixinglianjiaxiaodianqutianbudaxiaochengzhendeshangmaokongbaidian。

bg大游娱乐  zaiyunanourenmingongtongyingduijinrongweijiguochengzhong,zhongduoqiaoshangqiaoqishenzhichuxianlejingjishujunishishangyang。genjuxibanyashangyezhuguanjigoudetongji,2006nianxibanyayouhuashangqiye16079jia,weijizhihoude2010nianzengzhangdao3wanduojia,2015nianzaizengzhi47312jia。huashangzainanoudetouzijingyingguimobujinshixianleliangdezengzhang,erqiechengxianjiegouxingtisheng,congguoqudanyicongshilaodonglimijixingqiye,zhuanxiangzaijiagongye、fangdichan、lvyouye、jinrongyenaizhigaoxinjishuchanyedenglingyutouzijingying。

bg大游娱乐  yishangsangeshilifashengdeshijianchuanyuelebangeduoshiji,fashengdediyukuayueleouyaliangdazhou,danshihaiwaihuashangquntizaiweinanguantousuobiaoxianchulaidebaizhebunaodejianrenxing、shenshidushidenengdongxing、yangzhangbiduandelinghuoxing,queshiyiqutonggong。dangqian,xinguanbingdurengzaiquanqiusinve。bgdayouyulejianxin,zaizuguorenminguanaizhichixia,haiwaiqiaoshangqiaoqiyidingnengjiqulishijingyan,tongzuguorenminyidao,jiandingxinnian、zhuazhujiyu,yongkeshijian、zaixuhuihuang。

  (作者: 李明欢,系中国华侨历史学会副会长、厦门大学教授)

【责任编辑:李明阳】
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