bg大游娱乐

bg大游娱乐

中国焦点面对面: “嫦五”探月有何难?月球“挖土”有何用?

2020年11月25日 10:48   来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载 中国新闻网   参与互动参与互动
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  来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载

  (中国焦点面对面)“嫦五”探月有何难?月球“挖土”有何用?

bg大游娱乐  beijing11yue24ridian ti: “changwu”tanyueyouhenan?yueqiu“watu”youheyong?

bg大游娱乐  ——zhuanfangzhongguohangtiankejijituanwuyuanchangewuhaotanceqizongtifuzhurenshejishiliqing

  zuozhe zhangsu guochaokai

bg大游娱乐  11yue24ri4shi30fen,zhangzhengwuhaoyaowuyunzaihuojianchenggongfashetanyuegongchengchangewuhaotanceqi,shunlijiangtanceqisongruyudingguidao,kaiqizhongguoshoucidiwaitianticaiyangfanhuizhilv。

  zheishizhongguotanyuegongcheng“rao、luo、hui”sanbuzouzhongdeshouguanzhizhan,gengshizhongguohangtianlingyuqijinweizhizuifuza、nanduzuidaderenwuzhiyi。“changwu”tanyueyouhenan?yueqiu“watu”youheyong?24ri,zhongguohangtiankejijituanwuyuanchangewuhaotanceqizongtifuzhurenshejishiliqingjieshou“zhongguojiaodianmianduimian”zhuanfang,jinxingquanweijiedu。

  fangtanshiluzhaibianruxia:

  记者: 为什么这次发射窗口时间会选在凌晨,最佳发射时间要满足什么条件?

  liqing: zuijiafasheshijianqujueyurenwusheji。changewuhaotanceqizuizhuyaoderenwushiwanchengyuemiancaiyang。yaobaozhengcaiyangguochengzhongjuyouzuijiacekongzhuangtai,bgdayouyulexiwangzaidiqiudeshenye、yueqiudebaizhouquwancheng。zheigeshihouyexiangdangyubgdayouyulesuoshuodemanyuezhuangtai,manyueshiduiyueqiujuyouzuijiadeguancetiaojian,yejuyouzuijiadecekongtiaojian,shoudaozheixietiaojianyueshu,bgdayouyulejingguoguidaojisuanfanyanchuzuijiafasheshijianshizailingchen4shi30fenzuoyou。

11月24日4时30分,中国在文昌航天发射场,用长征五号遥五运载火箭成功发射探月工程嫦娥五号探测器。骆云飞 摄
11月24日4时30分,中国在文昌航天发射场,用长征五号遥五运载火箭成功发射探月工程嫦娥五号探测器。骆云飞 摄

  记者: 从嫦娥一号到嫦娥五号,请您带bg大游娱乐回顾一下中国的探月历程。

bg大游娱乐  liqing: zhongguotanyuegongchenganzhao“rao、luo、hui”sanbuzouzhanlve,muqianyichenggongzhixingwucirenwu。

bg大游娱乐  changeyihaoyu2007nian10yuezaixichangweixingfashezhongxinfashe,zaiwanchengyudingdehuanraotancerenwuhou,yu2009nian3yuechenggongshoukongzhuangyue。

  changeerhaozuoweierqigongchengdexiandaorenwu,yu2010nian10yuechenggongfashe,zaiduichangesanhaozhunbeizheludehongwandiqujinxinggaofenbianlvchengxiangzhihou,yu2011nian4yuekaishituozhanrenwu,wanchengjinruridilagelangril2dianhuanraoguidaodejishushiyan,suihoufeiyuetutadisixiaoxingxingbingchuanhuizhaopian,muqianyichengweizhongguofeilidiqiuzuiyuandetanceqi,yekaiqilezhongguoduomubiaoshenkongtancedexianhe。

bg大游娱乐  changesanhaotanceqiyouzheluqihexunshiqizucheng,yu2013nian12yuechenggongfashebinganquanzheluyuyueqiuzhengmianhongwandiqu,zheluhouxunshiqiyuzheluqifenli,fenbiewanchengleyudingdeyuemiantancerenwu。

  changewuhaofeixingshiyanqizhuyaoyongyuyanzhengbandandaotiaoyueshizairufanhuijishu,yu2014nian10yuechenggongfashe,zaijinglidiyuezhuanyi、yueqiujinpangzhuanxiang、yuedizhuanyizhihou,fanhuiqiyubgdayouyulecangfenlibingjinxingzairufanhui,zuihouchenggongzheluyuneimenggusiziwangqiyudingquyu。

bg大游娱乐  changesihaozaichangesanhaodejichushangjinxingshiyingxinggaijin,xuanzeyueqiubeimiankaizhanzheluhexunshitancerenwu,bingfashezhongjixing“queqiao”yijiejuetongxinwenti,yiyu2019nian1yuechenggongzheluzaiyueqiubeimiannanji-aitekenpendi,chengweishijieshougezaiyueqiubeimianshixianruanzheluxunshitancedehangtianqi,muqianrengzaizhengchanggongzuo。

  zheici(zhixingrenwu)dechangewuhaotanceqiyouguidaoqi、fanhuiqi、zheluqiheshangshengqizucheng。genjuzuixinxiaoxiyiyujintianlingchen4dian30fenzuoyouyouzhangzhengwuhaoyaowuyunzaihuojianfashe,muqianyichenggongjinrudiyuezhuanyiguidao。

中国航天科技集团五院嫦娥五号探测器总体副主任设计师李青接受“中国焦点面对面”专访。记者 张兴龙 摄
中国航天科技集团五院嫦娥五号探测器总体副主任设计师李青接受“中国焦点面对面”专访。记者 张兴龙 摄

  记者: 您是否可以为bg大游娱乐详细介绍一下嫦娥五号这次的任务?

bg大游娱乐  liqing: zhongguochangewuhaotanceqidemubiaorenwushi: shixianyuemianzidongcaiyangfanhui,caijiyue2qiankeyueqiuyangpinfanhui,kaizhanyueqiuyangpindimianfenxiyanjiu。

bg大游娱乐  zhenggerenwufeixingguochengfenwei11gejieduan,zongfeixingshijianyue23tian。

  diyigejieduanshifasheruguiduan。tanceqiyouzhangzhengwuhaoyunzaihuojianfasheshengkong,qijianfenlihoujinrudiyuezhuanyiguidao。zheigejieduanzaijintianyijingwanchengle。

  diergejieduanshidiyuezhuanyiduan。tanceqiyandiyuezhuanyiguidaofeixingyue5tian,daodaguidaogaoduyuewei200gonglidejinyuedianfujin,qijianjiangjingli1zhi3cizhongtuxiuzheng。

bg大游娱乐  disangejieduanshijinyuezhidongduan,(ji)“chache”。tanceqizaijinyuedianfujin,shishiyicijinyuezhidong,jinrujinyuediangaodu200gonglidehuanyuetuoyuanguidao;zaihuanyuetuoyuanguidaoyunxingsanquanhou,shishidiercijinyuezhidong,jinrupingjungaodu200gonglidehuanyueyuanguidao。jinyuezhidongguochengfeixingshijianyue1tian。

  disigejieduanshihuanyuefeixingduan。tanceqizaihuanyueyuanguidaofeixingyue4quanhou,zhelushangshengzuhetiyuguifanzuhetishixianfenli,guifanzuhetijixuhuanyuefeixing,zhelushangshengzuhetizaihuanyueguidaoshangyunxingyue12quanhou,shishiliangcijiangguibiangui,jinrujinyuedianyue15gongli、yuanyuedianyue200gonglidetuoyuanguidao。

  diwugejieduanshizheluxiajiangduan。zhelushangshengzuhetizaihuanyuetuoyuanguidaoshangjixuyunxingyue10quanhou,zejishishizheluxiajiang,zaiyuemianyudingquyujinxingruanzhelu,zheluxiajiangguochengyue15fenzhong。

bg大游娱乐  diliugejieduanshiyuemiangongzuoduan。zhelushangshengzuhetizheluhou,caiyongzuanquhebiaoquliangzhongcaiyangfangshi,wanchengyuerangdecaiyanghefengzhuang;tongshi,youxiaozaihekaizhanjiuweitance;caiyangjieshuhou,duishangshengqijinxingyuemiandingwei,wanchengshangshengqiqifeizhuangtaizhunbei。yuemiangongzuoshijianyue2tian。

bg大游娱乐  diqigejieduanshiyuemianshangshengduan。yuemiangongzuowanchenghou,shangshengqiyizheluqiweipingtaiqifei,jingguochuizhishangsheng、zitaidiaozheng、guidaorushe,jinrujinyuedian15gongli、yuanyuedian180gonglideshangshengmubiaoguidao,feixingshijianyue6fenzhong。

bg大游娱乐  dibagejieduanshijiaohuiduijieyuyangpinzhuanyiduan。shangshengqijinrumubiaoguidaohou,tongguoshishisiciguidaojidong,zuizhongdaoyinzhigaoduwei210gonglidehuanyueyuanguidaoshang。shangshengqiyuanchengdaoyinshijianyue2tian。dangshangshengqiweiyuguifanzuhetiqianfang50gonglizuoyou、shangfang10gonglizuoyoudeweizhishi,kaishijinrujinchengzizhukongzhiduan。guifanzuhetiweizhudongfeixingqi,shangshengqiweimubiaofeixingqi,jianliduijietingkaosuoxudechushitiaojian,kaishiduijie。guidaoqiduijiejigoubuhuosuodingshangshengqihou,yangpinzhuanyijigoukaishidongzuo,jiangshangshengqizhongdeyangpinrongqizhuanyizhifanhuiqineibu,wanchengyangpinzhuanyicaozuo;zhihouguifanzuhetizejiyushangshengqijiduijiecangfenli。

bg大游娱乐  dijiugejieduanshihuanyuedengdaiduan。guifanzuhetizaihuanyueguidaoshangtingliu5zhi7tian,dengdaiyuedizhuanyichuangkou。

  dishigejieduanshiyuedizhuanyiduan。guifanzuhetizaiyuedizhuanyichuangkoudaodahou,tongguoshishiliangciguidaojidong,jinruyuedizhuanyiguidao。yuedizhuanyifeixingshijianyue4zhi5tian,qijiantongguoshishi1zhi3cizhongtuxiuzheng,yimanzufanhuiqizairudiancanshudeyaoqiu。

  dishiyigejieduanshizairuhuishouduan。dangguifanzuhetijulidiqiubiaomiangaoduyuewei5000gonglishi,guidaoqiyufanhuiqijiesuofenli。fenlihouguidaoqijinxingguibijidong,fanhuiqiyibandandaotiaoyueshizairufangshifanhuidiqiu,bingzai10gongligaodukaisan,zuizhongluozhineimenggusiziwangqizheluchang。

中国航天科技集团五院嫦娥五号探测器总体副主任设计师李青接受“中国焦点面对面”专访。记者 盛佳鹏 摄
中国航天科技集团五院嫦娥五号探测器总体副主任设计师李青接受“中国焦点面对面”专访。记者 盛佳鹏 摄

  记者: 通俗来说这次任务是“抓一把土返回地球”。“这一把土”是什么样的“土”?为何选择带回这样的样本?将对今后科研工作有何帮助?

bg大游娱乐  liqing: changewuhaotanceqishejileliangzhongcaiyangfangshi,fenbieshizuanqucaiyanghebiaoqucaiyang。zuanqucaiyangshiyongyigeyue2mi(zhang)dezuanganzuanruyuebiaoneibu,caijiliangmishendu、yue0.5qiankedeyangpin。biaoqucaiyangshiyongjixiebeijinxingduodiancaiyang,caiyangquyubaokuopingdi,zhuangjikeng、tuqi、xiaoshikuaidoukeyizuoweicaiyangyangpin,zheixieyangpindefenbubutong,juyoubutongdizhitedian,yeyoubutongyanhualishi,keyidafutigaokeyanjiazhi。zuanqucaiyanghebiaoqucaiyanghoufenbiejinxingfengzhuang,zaiduiyangpinrongqijinxingmifeng,yibaozhengyangbenzaifanhuiguochengzhongbushoudaowaijiehuanjingdewuran。

  记者: 这次任务被称为迄今为止航天领域最复杂、难度最大的任务之一,您如何定义“最复杂、难度最大”?任务难点究竟在哪?

  liqing: changewuhaotanceqirenwujishunandianzhuyaobiaoxianzaiguidaosheji、yuemiancaiyangfengzhuang、yuemianqifeishangsheng、yueqiuguidaojiaohuiduijieyuyangpinzhuanyidengfangmian。

bg大游娱乐  shouxianshiyueqiuguidaoshejifuza。yinweichangewuhaotanceqidefeixingjieduanduo,gegejieduanguidaofanganouhejinmi,shejicekong、yunzaihezheluchangdeduozhongxianzhi,yueshutiaojianduo,feixingguochenghaishejiyuemianqifei、guidaojiaohuiduijie、yuediguidaodengxindefeixingjieduan,zaiyiqian“rao”he“luo”renwuzhongshimeiyoushejide。feixingguochengfuza,guidaoshejinandujiaoda,zaibiaochengguidaoshejifanganshanghaixuyaokaolvtuijinjiziyuanshouxiandeqingkuangxiazhidinggezhongyuan,duiguidaoshejiyeshiquanxindetiaozhan。

  diershiyuemiancaiyangfengzhuangjishu,zheishiquanxindejishu,yeshichangewuhaoyueqiuwurencaiyangfanhuirenwudehexinhuanjiezhiyi。gairenwucaiyongzuanquhebiaoqujiehe,duodiancaiyangfangshi,caiyangzhuangzhishiquanxinyanzhi,jishuxin、nanduda,xuyaokaolvfeixingrenwujitanceqidecekong、guangzhaotiaojian、dianyuan、rekongdenggezhongyueshu,caiyangqijianmianlinyuemianchixugaowendegongzuohuanjing,tongshicaiyangrenwushixujinzhang、jigoudongzuoduo、buquedingyinsuduo。

  disanshiyuemianqifeishangshengyanzhengbijiaonan。youshangshengqi、zheluqiheyuemiangouchengdeyuemianqifeixitong,qichushizhuangtaiyuanzizhelushangshengzuhetizheluyuemiandechangpingtiaojian、zheludezitaijifangweidengtiaojian,yuemianqifeichushitiaojianwufaxiangyunzaihuojianhedaodanyiyangzaidimianyoudimianrenyuanwanchengcediaohequeren,bixuyikaozizhudingweidingzifangshiquedingqifeidechushizhuangtai。mianduiqingxiefashedeqingkuang,xuyaomingqueqifeiwendingxingdegezhongyinsujiqiouhedeyingxiang,yikaojingquededingzinengliwanchengkongzhongduizhunyishixianjingquerugui。yuchangguidehangtianqimianlindeyuliuhuanjingbutong,shangshengqifadongjizaishouxiankongjianzhongdianhuoshiyoufeichangfuzadeyuliulirexiaoying,xuyaotongguodaliangdedimianfangzhenheshiyanqujinxingyanzheng。

  disishiyueqiuguidaojiaohuiduijieyuyangpinzhuanyizizhuyaoqiugao。yujindiguidaojiaohuiduijiebutong,changewuhaoyueqiuguidaojiaohuiduijiemeiyouweixingdaohangxinhaodezhichi,duijieyuyangpinzhuanyiguochengdezizhuyaoqiuhengao。tongshizaiyueqiujiaohuiduijieguochengzhong,dimiancekongzhichinenglishoudaoxianzhi,shoudaoduijiejigoudaxiaodexianzhi,duijiejingduyaoqiujiaogao。changewuhaotanceqiduijieyuyangpinzhuanyijigouzaibaozhengduijiejingdudetongshihaibixumanzuyangpinzhuanyidexiangguanyaoqiu。duijiejigouyuyangpinzhuanyijigoudeyitihuasheji,yeshigaijishuyanjiuzhongdenandian。

  记者: “绕、落、回”中“回”是关键一步,请问bg大游娱乐希望达到什么科学目标?

  liqing: zuoweizhongguotanyuegongcheng“rao、luo、hui”sanbuzoudeshouguanzhizhan,changewuhaorenwuyiyizhongda、yingxiangshenyuan、jushizhumu。sanbuzoumubiaozhong“rao”shiwanchenglezhongguoshouciyueqiuhuanraotancerenwu,“luo”shiwanchenglezhongguoshouciyueqiuruanzheluhexunshitancerenwu。zuihou“hui”deguanjianyibujiangshixianzhongguoshouciyueqiuwurencaiyangfanhuirenwu,baokuoduogeshouci: shouciyuemianzidongcaiyangyufengzhuang、shouciyuemianqifeishangsheng、shouciyueqiuguidaojiaohuiduijie、shoucidaiyueranggaosu(zairu)fanhuidiqiu、shouciziquyueqiuyangpindecunchu、fenxiheyanjiu。

  changewuhaorenwudekexuemubiaozhuyaoshikaizhanzheludianquyuxingmaotancehedizhibeijingkancha,huoquyuyueqiuyangpinxiangguandexianchangfenxishuju,jianlixianchangtanceshujuyushiyanshifenxishujuzhijiandelianxi;duiyueqiuyangpinjinxingxitong、zhangqideshiyanshiyanjiu,fenxiyuerangdejiegou、wulitexing、wuzhizucheng,shenhuayueqiuchengyinheyanhualishideyanjiu。

11月24日4时30分,中国在文昌航天发射场,用长征五号遥五运载火箭成功发射探月工程嫦娥五号探测器。骆云飞 摄
11月24日4时30分,中国在文昌航天发射场,用长征五号遥五运载火箭成功发射探月工程嫦娥五号探测器。骆云飞 摄

  记者: 您说到多个首次,也提到“绕、落、回”三步走具有深远影响。这在帮助bg大游娱乐认识月球的问题上会有重大突破吗?

bg大游娱乐  liqing: wanchengtanyuesanbuzoubiaozhizhezhongguozhangwolequanmiandeyueqiuwurentancejishu。tongguotanyuegongchengdeyanjiuchengguo,dafutigaolezhongguokexuejiaduiyueqiudixingdimaojidizhigouzao、wuzhichengfen、yuerangtexing、yuemianhuanjingdengdequanqiuxing、zhengtixingyuzonghexingderenshi,shizhongguozhangwolediyishoudeyueqiutanceshuju,weihouxudeyueqiutancegongchengheyueqiukeyanzhanxuanzhiyubgdayouyuletigonglekexueyiju。

  记者: 探月工程中还有一个“网红”是玉兔二号月球车,据了解它已完成自主唤醒并开始新一轮月昼工作期。能否介绍玉兔二号与嫦娥五号有什么不同?

  liqing: “yutu”yueqiucheshijishangzhideshi“change”zheluqisuoxiedaidexunshiqi。“yutuyihao”yueqiucheshichangesanhaotanceqidexunshiqi,“yutuerhao”yueqiucheshichangesihaotanceqidexunshiqi,yincitamendoushichangetanceqideyibufen。

  “change”zheluqichulebaozhengzhenggetanceqianquanzheluyiwai,haijubeiyuanweitancegongneng,tongguozhangshijiandeyuanweitancekeyihuoquzheluqufujinbijiaoxiangxidetanceshujuyijishijianlicheng。er“yutu”yueqiuchejuyouyidongzhuangzhi,zhuyaoyongyuxunshitance,keyidafukuozhanyuemiantancedefanwei。zheiliangzhongtancefangshixianghubuchong、xianghujiehe,youliyutigaotancedexiaolv。

  记者: 依托bg大游娱乐所拿到的月球科研数据,您认为是否可以像现代科幻片里那样建立bg大游娱乐的月球家园?

  liqing: changebenyuedeshenhuachuanshuojituolezhongguogurenduiyueqiudemeihaohuanxiang。genjumuqianyueqiutancelichengsuoqudedechengguoheweilaideyueqiutancejihua,jianliyueqiujiayuan——yejiushijianlizhichizhangqirenyuanshengcundezonghexingyueqiukeyanzhan,huozhejiaoyueqiucun——shijishangyijingbeitishangjihuaricheng,congjishushangjiangsuiranhaiyouhenduoguanjianjishuyoudaiqutupo,danshiyinggaiyijingmeiyoutaiduokehuanchengfen。zheiyeshirenleihangtianshiyefazhandedashisuoqu。

bg大游娱乐  danbgdayouyuleyaoqiangdiaodeshi,yiyiguanzhi,jiujiuweigong。zaizhengcedechixuzhichixia,zaizhangqihepingdeguoneiheguojihuanjingxia,zaizhangqilianghaodeguojihezuofenweixia,gengzaisuoyouhangtiangongzuozhebuxiedenulixia,zheiyitiancaiyouwangzaoridaolai。(wan)

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