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二十四节气从哪来,今天bg大游娱乐该如何保护二十四节气?

2020年11月17日 07:55   来源:bg大游娱乐_bg大游网址-官网APP下载 参与互动
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  今天,bg大游娱乐该如何保护二十四节气

bg大游娱乐  “ershisijieqizhishishidongzhi,erbushilichun。zheishiyinweidiyijieqidehexin,shitaiyangheyueliangde‘shuodandongzhi’。jiushishuo,zaizheigeshike,taiyangheyueliangdehuangjingzhenghaoxiangdeng。qitaershisangejieqi,doubujubei‘shuodan’detiaojian,diyideweizihaowuzhengyidiyingdangrangdongzhilaichengdan。”zhanzaianhuishenghuainanshibagongshandizhigongyuanershisijieqiyuanzhong,genershisijieqi“jiaozhen”le40duoniandeanhuidaxuewenxueyuanjiaoshouchenguangzhongxiangyourenjieshao。

  weishenmeyao“jiaozhen”?“yinwei,dangbgdayouyuletanlunbaohuershisijieqishi,shouxianyingdangkaolvdeshibaohuqibenshendekexuexing。”jinri,zaianhuishouxianjuxingdeershisijieqibaohugongzuoyantaohuishang,chenguangzhongtichuzheiyiguandian。zhongguoyishuyanjiuyuanfuyuanzhang、zhongguofeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohuzhongxinzhurenwangfuzhoutongyangrenwei,“congkexuecengmianyinlingshifan,shibaohuershisijieqideshouyaogongzuo”。

  气象科学蓬勃发展,现代农业方兴未艾,在急速奔涌的新时代,bg大游娱乐与二十四节气似乎已经产生了某种程度上的“脱钩”。穿梭于城市霓虹中的bg大游娱乐,或许已经很久没有注意到手机日历中关于节气来临的推送,或许要靠着朋友圈的“提醒”,才想起在冬至这天为自己煮一碗饺子。

  neimejintian,bgdayouyuleshifouhaixuyaoershisijieqi?erdangbgdayouyuletanlunbaohuershisijieqishi,bgdayouyulebaohudeshishenme?yougairuhebaohu?

  二十四节气从哪里来

  “chunyujingchunqinggutian,xiamanmangxiashuxianglian。qiuchuluqiuhanshuangjiang,dongxuexuedongxiaodahan。”zheishoubeishouluyuxiaoxueyuwenkebende《ershisijieqige》,xiangxinhenduorenershunengxiang。

  “yingtianshierdong,jiudilierxing,ershisijieqidebenzhishiyizhongshijianzhidu。”zhongguonongyebowuguanyanjiuguanyuan、nanjingnongyedaxuejiaoshoucaoxingsuishuo。

  huainanshizhengxiewenshizhuanyuanchengjincangjinyibuchanshi: “zhongguogurentongguoguanchataiyangzhounianyundong,jiangyundongguijifenwei24dengfen,meiyigedengfenweiyigejieqi,jiershisijieqi。tashizhongguorenzaiguantianchadi、renzhizirandeshijianzhongchuangzaofamingchudeyitaokexueshijianzhishitixi,shizhongguononggengshehuishuntianyingshi、zhidaoshijiandeshenghuozhidu,yeshianpainongyeshengchan、xiediaonongshihuodongdejibenzunxun。”

  fankaishice,xianqin《shangshu·yaodian》zhongjiyou“rizhong”“riyong”“xiaozhong”“riduan”dejizai,xiangdangyuchunfen、xiazhi、qiufen、dongzhisigejieqi。

  《zhouli》zhongyou“dongxiazhiri,chunqiuzhiyue,yibiansishizhixu”“dongrizhi,yudishangzhiyuanqiuzouzhi……xiarizhi,yuzezhongzhifangqiuzouzhi”debiaoshu,mingquetichuledongzhihexiazhi。

bg大游娱乐  《lvshichunqiu》zhongchuxianle“riyefen”“xiazhi”“dongzhi”“lichun”“lixia”“liqiu”“lidong”“shiyushui”dengchenghu。

bg大游娱乐  ershisijieqidiyicidedaozuiwanzhengdebiaoshu、jisuanhejizai,shizaibeihushiyuwei“juedaiqishu”de《huainanzi》zhong。“huainanwangliuanchongshangzirankexue,duitianxiangxingsujinxingceliang,huafenjieqi。ershisijieqitixidewanchenghefabu,zhijinyiyou2159nian。”chenguangzhongshuo。

  zaicaoxingsuikanlai,“huainanzhiyuershisijieqi,youzhejiweizhongyaoerteshudeyiyi。huainanwangliuanyucidiyiciwanzhengditichuleershisijieqi,erhuainanzhengweiyubgdayouyuleguonanbeidilifenjiexiandezhongdianxianshang,sijifenming,qiahaotixianleershisijieqiliang‘fen’liang‘zhi’detedian,juyouxiangdangpubiandedaibiaoyiyi”。

bg大游娱乐  2006nian,ershisijieqiruxuandiyipiguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandaibiaoxingxiangmuminglu。2016nian,ershisijieqiruxuanlianheguojiaokewenzuzhi“renleifeiwuzhiwenhuayichandaibiaozuo”xiangmu。zaiguojiqixiangjie,ershisijieqibeiyuwei“zhongguodediwudafaming”。

  为什么要保护二十四节气

  “zhongtianwudingli,quankaokanjieqi。”shenshengenzhiyuchuantongnonggengwenhuadeershisijieqi,chuanyueshuqiannian,yuxiandaiqixiangkexuewanmei“zhongdie”,“zhuanggemanhuai”。

bg大游娱乐  “bujinruci,ershisijieqirengzaishenshenyingxiangzhongguorendeshijianzhiduanpai,zheishibgdayouyuleweishenmeyaoduiershisijieqijinxingbaohudeliyouzhiyi。”caoxingsuishuo。congqingmingjie、dongzhijiedaojinnianshelidefengshoujie,ershisijieqiweizhongguorenanpaishijianyuxiangguanshijiantigongleyiju,jilizhongguorenzaijichengchuantongdetongshi,buduanfuyuqixindeshidaineihan。

  2016nian,ershisijieqicong“zhongguofeiyi”zouxiang“shijiefeiyi”,chengweijiandingzhonghuaminzuwenhuazixin,tishengzhonghuaminzuwenhuaningjulizuishengdong、zuixianhuodewenhuafuhaozhiyi。yucitongshi,baohuchuancheng、fazhanliyonghaoershisijieqiyechengweizhongguorenduiquanrenleidezhengzhongchengnuo。

bg大游娱乐  “ershisijieqishizhonghuaminzuyouxiuchuantongwenhuadedianxingdaibiao,nongsuolechuantongwenmingdegaoduzhihui,zuoweifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbenshenjiushizhide,yebixujiayibaohude。”caoxingsuishuo,“ershisijieqishizhonghuaminzuteyoudewenhuafuhao,shiqubieyuqitaminzuwenhuadezhongyaobiaozhizhiyi。jingjikeyiquanqiuhua,danshiwenhuabixushigexingde,erqiejingjiyueshiquanqiuhua,yueyaozhuzhongbaohuwenhuadegexing。”

  baohuershisijieqideguocheng,jishijinyibupeiyu、zhuangdaminzuzixinxindeguocheng,yeshijinyibujiaqiang、tishengyuqitaminzuwenhuagoutongbgdayouyuledeguocheng。tongguoshuangxianghudong,xunqiurenleiwenmingdegongtongzhichu,rangrenleimingyungongtongtidehuojugengjiashanliang。

bg大游娱乐  “bailibutongfeng,qianlibutongsu”,manmanlishizhanghezhong,ershisijieqixingchenglezhuduominsu,jinguandaiyougezidiyusecai,danshizhonghuaminzuqinlaoyonggan、ziqiangbuxidejingshenyiyiguanzhi。baohuershisijieqi,jiushibaohuminzujingshen。“ershisijieqijiqishijianhuodongsuodaibiaodejiazhiquxiang,shizhonghuaminzubuduanzhuiqiumeihaoshenghuodexiangzheng。”caoxingsuishuo。

  duici,huainanshifanxueyuanwenxueyuchuanboxueyuanjiaoshouyingkeronghuyu,jieheshijizhongxinshiqiershisijieqiminsu。tajiangershisijieqiminsufenweijieriminsu、shenghuoxisu、yinshixisusanfangmian,jierixisurulichunshide“biandachunniu”、dahanjieqide“weiyaji”deng;shenghuoxisuru“chunfenlidan”“zuoxiazhi”deng;yinshixisuru“dongzhijiaozixiazhimian”deng。

  “budebuchengren,ershisijieqiminsudeyishiganzhengzaikuaisudanhua。xunqiushiyingxiandaishehuide‘xinminsu’,xuyaozhengfuyindao、minzhongcanyuyijixinshouduanjieru,zheibijiangshiyigejiannanermanzhangdeguocheng。jinguanchuangxinshiyonghengdezhuti,danshiershisijieqisuodaibiaodeminzujingshenzheiyi‘muben’yongyuanbuhuibian。”yingkerongshuo。

  保护节气是在保护什么

  “baohuershisijieqi,shouxianyingdangkaolvdeshibaohuqibenshendekexuexing。”chenguangzhongrenwei,congxueshuzhidaocengmian“zhengbensuyuan”,shibaohuershisijieqideshouyaorenwu,gengshidangwuzhiji,“balinianliqingchu,caibuzhiyu‘jincuolemiao、baicuolezu’。”

bg大游娱乐  “yaocongfeiwuzhiwenhuayichanzheiyigaoduzongtikandai,congzhuanjiaxuezhekexueyinlingzheiyijiaodulvxianchufa,cainengdaidongquanshehuixingchengduiershisijieqidezhengquerenzhi、shenkelijie。”wangfuzhoubiaoshi,shizhijinri,jinguannongyeshengchanfangshiyijingfashenglefantianfudidebianhua,danshiyiershisijieqiweidaibiaodezhonghuayouxiuchuantongwenhua,shizhongshiguojiaxingwangfadade“genyuhun”,yirannenggoufahuizhe“jihuoquanpan”de“jiaomu”zuoyong,baohuqilinianshangdekexuexingduiyuzhengtibaohugongzuozhiguanzhongyao。

bg大游娱乐  “baohuershisijieqi,yeshibaohuershisijieqibeihousuoyunhande‘tianrenheyiguan’,zheijiangyouzhuyubgdayouyulezhengquelijiehechulirenyuzirandeguanxi。”chenguangzhongrenwei,ershisijieqibujinyuxiandaiqixiangkexuewanmei“zhongdie”,yeyudangjinshengtaiwenmingbgdayouyule“bumouerhe”: buyu“laotianye”zuodui,zaishunsuiziranguilvzhongmodaoziranguilv,shixianrenyuzirandehexiegongchu。gudai“nongyefaze”desixiangjichujiqirenzhitixi,jiangweidangjinshengtaiwenmingbgdayouyuletigongyuanyuanbuduandeyangfen。

  zheiyidianshang,zhongguonongyebowuguanyanjiuguanyuanxiaokezhiyeyoutonggan,“ershisijieqibeihousuoyunhande‘guiju、zixin、xiwang’,shibgdayouyulequzhibujindejingshenbaozang”。“guiju”,zhiyouanzhaojieqijinxingshengchan,cainengyanxushengmingyuwenming;“zixin”,tongguoduiziranguilvdelijieheyunyong,jianxinqinyulaozuojiuhuiyoufanchi;“xiwang”,younengliweizijihetarenchuangzaoshenghuodexiwang。

bg大游娱乐  “baohuershisijieqi,haishibaohuershisijieqixiangshenghuodeyanzhan,jiershisijieqiyuzirankexue、wenxueyishu、yangshengjianshen、yinshiwenhuadengxiangjiehedebufen。”chenguangzhongshuo。ershisijieqidesixiangyujingshen,shinonggengwenhuayuanyuanliuzhangdemingmaisuozai,danduiqiwuzhizaitidebaohuyeyingdangjiyuxiangdangchengdudezhongshi。ershisijieqidewuzhizaitibenshenyushenghuojinmixiangguan,juyouxianhuodeshengmingli,duiyuchuanchengershisijieqijuyouzhongyaodeniudaizuoyong。

  如何保护二十四节气

  “wenhuayichanshifeiwuzhide,danshibaohuta、chuanchengta,jixuwulikongjiandecanyu。”wenlvbufeiyisiguihuachuchuzhangyangxiaohuirenwei,rang“feiyiyouzhuashou”shiyixiangjiweijinpoderenwu,xuyaojianlibaohanchuanchengguan(suo)、chuanchengtiyanzhongxindengzaineidechuanchengzhanshichangguantixi,chongfenfahuiqizaibaocun、yanjiu、xuanchuan、zhanshi、chuanchengshangdezuoyong。

bg大游娱乐  “muqianyijianchengdegeleichangguan,yibiaoyanyishuleijuduo,minsuleijiaoshao。”yangxiaohuitanyan。erqiezaituijinchangguanbgdayouyuledeguochengzhong,ruhezhengquechuligeleicanyuzibendeguanxi、ruhepinghengtongyichangguandexueshuxingyushehuixingdeng,doushijishoudemingti。

bg大游娱乐  “meiyouwulikongjianshiwanwanbuxingde,danshiguangyouwulikongjianshiyuanyuanbugoude,bgdayouyuleqidaizaiguanzhongkandaojibuguoyuxueshuhua,yebuliuyuyongsuhuadezhanlan,gengxiwangkandaoyizhizhuanzhushehuijiaoyudezhuanjiaduiwu。”caoxingsuizhichu。zhongguonongyebowuguanyanjiuguanyuanwangbinbiaoshi,“banzhanyaoxiqieyougexing,yaoxuanquzuiyouyi、zuinengrangguanzhongchanshengxingqudeneirong,yaoshixiankeguantiaojianyuzhuguanxingshidetongyi”。

  huainanshizuoxiezhuxijinyurenwei,baohuershisijieqibixu“congwawazhuaqi”。2013nian,tachuangzuoletonghua《fengshengshuiqizhiershisijieqidegushi》。2017nian,gaishubeigaibianweitongmingdonghuapian,shenaomocedejieqiwenhuazaihaizimenyanqianyixiaqiaopikeaiqilai。“ranghaizimenyiershisijieqiweicanzhao,yangchengduishengmingdelixingrenshi,cainengrangershisijieqigenghaodichuanchengxiaqu。”

  guizhoushengshiqianxianwenhuaguanfuguanzhangraoliyerenwei,“bgdayouyulexuyaojinyibujiadaxuanchuanlidu,jiangchuantongjieqixisuchixutuixiangxinyibei,shixianzhenzhengyiyishangdeminzhongcanyu”。zaidangdi,“shuochun”zheiyichuantongjieqixisuzhengzaizoujinxiaoyuan,yuelaiyueduodehaizikaishilejie、canyu,tamenshibijiangchengweibaohuchuantongjieqixisudeshenglijun。yucitongshi,“shuochun”ye“shuo”daolejingqu,tongguokaifawenchuangchanpindengfangshi,zheiyichuantongjieqixisudeyirangyoukejidezhu、daidezou。

bg大游娱乐  shouxinguanfeiyanyiqingyingxiang,zhejiangshengsuichangxianjinnianjiangchuantongjieqixisu“banchunquannong”“ban”daohulianwangshang。“chunfenqianhou,bgdayouyuletongguoweixinxiaochengxu、h5、duanshipindengxingshijinxingde‘xianshangbanchun’,chuangxinleshouduan、zhanshilechengguo、xiyinlegengduonianqingrencanyuhudong。”suichangxianfeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohuzhongxingongzuorenyuanyinpingjieshao。

  “muqian,bgdayouyulezhengzaiyindaogengduodifangduichuantongjieqixisu、chuanchengrendengjinxingshenbao,yiqishixiangenghaodebaohu。zhiyaotaiyangbumie,ershisijieqijiujiangyizhicunzai。”wangfuzhoushuo。

  (本报记者 丁一鸣 常河)

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